Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification
Product Name: Potassium pyrophosphate
Catalog Codes: PPTK-A, PPTK, TKPP
TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory: Potassium pyrophosphate
CI#: Not applicable.
Synonym: Diphosphoric acid, tetrapotassium salt
Chemical Name: Tetrapotassium pyrophosphate Anhydrous
Chemical Formula: K4P2O7
Uses: Used as soap and detergent builder, sequestering agent, Peptizing and dispersing agent, Potable water treatment, emulsifier of oils and greases, Defflocculant in drilling mud, buffer and sequestrant
Chemical Store Inc.
1059 Main Avenue, Clifton, NJ 07011
Order Online: ChemicalStore.com
CHEMTREC (24HR Emergency Telephone), call: 1-800-424-9300
International CHEMTREC, call: 1-703-527-3887
For non-emergency assistance, call: 1-973-405-6248
Section 2: Composition and Information on Ingredients
% by Weight
95 - 100
Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Potassium pyrophosphate: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 2980 mg/kg [Rat.]. DERMAL (LD50): Acute: 7940 mg/kg [Rabbit.].
Section 3: Hazards Identification
Potential Acute Health Effects:
Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant). Nonsensitizer for skin. Non-absorbable by skin.
Potential Chronic Health Effects:
Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant).
CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance is toxic to lungs, mucous membranes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage.
Section 4: First Aid Measures
Check for and remove any contact lenses. Immediately flush eyes with running water for at least 15 minutes, keeping eyelids open. Cold water may be used. Do not use an eye ointment. Seek medical attention.
After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water. Gently and thoroughly wash the contaminated skin with running water and non-abrasive soap. Be particularly careful to clean folds, crevices, creases and groin. Cold water may be used. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. If irritation persists, seek medical attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reusing.
Serious Skin Contact: Not available.
Inhalation: Allow the victim to rest in a well-ventilated area. Seek immediate medical attention.
Serious Inhalation: Not available.
Do not induce vomiting. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Seek immediate medical attention.
Serious Ingestion: Not available.
Section 5: Fire and Explosion Data
Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable.
Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Points: Not applicable.
Flammable Limits: Not applicable.
Products of Combustion: Not available.
Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Not applicable.
Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:
Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available. Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.
Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Not applicable.
Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: Keep container tightly closed.
Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: Not available.
Section 6: Accidental Release Measures
Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. If necessary: Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of acetic acid. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and regional authority requirements.
Use a shovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container. Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of acetic acid. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and allow to evacuate through the sanitary system.
Section 7: Handling and Storage
Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Avoid contact with eyes Wear suitable protective clothing In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Keep away from incompatibles such as moisture.
No specific storage is required. Use shelves or cabinets sturdy enough to bear the weight of the chemicals. Be sure that it is not necessary to strain to reach materials, and that shelves are not overloaded.
Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.
Splash goggles. Protective clothing. Dust mask/ respirator. Gloves.
Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:
Splash goggles. Full suit. Dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.
Exposure Limits: Not available.
Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance: Solid. (Solid powder.)
Taste: Not available.
Molecular Weight: 330.34 g/mole
pH (1% solution in water): 10 [Basic.]
Boiling Point: Decomposes.
Melting Point: 1090°C (1994°F)
Critical Temperature: Not available.
Specific Gravity: 2.33 (Water = 1)
Vapor Pressure: Not applicable.
Vapor Density: Not available.
Volatility: Not available.
Odor Threshold: Not available.
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available.
Ionicity (in Water): Not available.
Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water.
Solubility: Easily soluble in cold water, hot water. Insoluble in methanol, diethyl ether, n-octanol.
Section 10: Stability and Reactivity Data
Stability: The product is stable.
Instability Temperature: Not available.
Conditions of Instability: Not available.
Incompatibility with various substances: Reactive with moisture.
Corrosivity: Non-corrosive in presence of glass.
Special Remarks on Reactivity: Hygroscopic; keep container tightly closed.
Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Not available.
Section 11: Toxicological Information
Routes of Entry: Eye contact. Inhalation. Ingestion.
Toxicity to Animals:
Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 2980 mg/kg [Rat.]. Acute dermal toxicity (LD50): 7940 mg/kg [Rabbit.].
Chronic Effects on Humans: The substance is toxic to lungs, mucous membranes.
Other Toxic Effects on Humans:
Hazardous in case of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant). Non-sensitizer for skin. Non-permeated by skin.
Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Not available.
Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans: To the best of our knowledge, the toxicological properties of this substance have not been thoroughly investigated.
Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans: Material is irritating to mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract.
Section 12: Ecological Information
Ecotoxicity: Not available.
BOD5 and COD: Not available.
Products of Biodegradation:
Possibly hazardous short-term degradation products are not likely. However, long-term degradation products may arise.
Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The products of degradation are more toxic.
Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.
Section 13: Disposal Considerations
Waste Disposal: Dispose at an approved waste facility. Refer to state land waste management authority.
Section 14: Transport Information
DOT Classification: Not a DOT controlled material (United States).
Identification: Not applicable.
Special Provisions for Transport: Not applicable.
Section 15: Other Regulatory Information
Federal and State Regulations: TSCA 8(b) inventory: Potassium pyrophosphate
Other Regulations: OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).
WHMIS (Canada): CLASS D-2A: Material causing other toxic effects (VERY TOXIC).
DSCL (EEC): R36- Irritating to eyes.
Health Hazard: 2
Fire Hazard: 0
Personal Protection: E
National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.):
Gloves. Lab coat. Dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Splash goggles.
Section 16: Other Information
Other Special Considerations: Not available.
Last Updated: 7/30/2010
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