Appearance: colourless liquid Melting point: -144 C Boiling point: 78 C Specific gravity: 0.789 Vapour pressure: 1.59 Flash point: 14 C (closed cup) Explosion limits: 3.3% - 24.5% Autoignition temperature: 363 C Water solubility: miscible in all proportions
Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong oxidizing agents, peroxides, acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, alkali metals, ammonia, moisture. Forms explosive mixtures with air. Hygroscopic.
Causes skin and eye irritation. Ingestion can cause nausea, vomitting and inebriation; chronic use can cause serious liver damage. Note that "absolute" alcohol, which is close to 100% ethanol, may nevertheless contain traces of 2-propanol, together with methanol or benzene. The latter two are very toxic, while "denatured" alcohol has substances added to it which make it unpleasant and possibly hazardous to consume. Typical OEL 1000 mg/m3.
Toxicity data The meaning of any abbreviations which appear in this section are located in the main menu in the abbreviation category. ORL-CHD LDLO 2000 mg kg-1 ORL-MUS LD50 3450 mg kg-1 ORL-RAT LD50 7060 mg kg-1 ORL-RAT LD50 7060 mg kg-1 IHL-RAT LC50 20000 ppm/10h
Risk phrases The meaning of any risk phrases which appear in this section is given. R11 R20 R21 R22 R36 R37 R38 R40.
R11 Highly flammable.
R20 Harmful by inhalation.
R21 Harmful in contact with skin.
R22 Harmful if swallowed.
R36 Irritating to eyes.
R37 Irritating to respiratory system.
R38 Irritating to skin.
R40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.
The meaning of any UN hazard codes which appear in this section is given. UN No 1170. Packing group II. Hazard class 3.0.
Safety glasses. Suitable ventilation.
Safety phrases The meaning of any safety phrases which appear in this section is given. S7 S16 S24 S25 S36 S37 S39 S45.
S7 Keep container tightly closed.
S16 Keep away from sources of ignition.
S24 Avoid contact with skin.
S25 Avoid contact with eyes.
S36 Wear suitable protective clothing.
S37 Wear suitable gloves.
S39 Wear eye / face protection.
S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label whenever possible.)
This information was last updated on August 9, 2004. Although MiniScience we have tried to make it as accurate and useful as possible, we can take no responsibility for its use or misuse.
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