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Potassium Permanganate


   1. Product Identification
   2. Composition/Information on Ingredients
   3. Hazards Identification
   4. First Aid Measures
   5. Fire Fighting Measures
   6. Accidental Release Measures
   7. Handling and Storage
   8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
   9. Physical and Chemical Properties
   10. Stability and Reactivity
   11. Toxicological Information
   12. Ecological Information
   14. Transport Information (D.O.T., 49 CFR 172.101 )
   15. Regulatory Information
   16. Other Information

 

POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE
MSDS

1. Product Identification

 

Product Name: Potassium Permanganate
Synonyms: Permanganic acid, potassium salt; Condy's crystals, KMNO4, Chameleon mineral, Permanganate of potash 
CAS No.: 7722-64-7
Molecular Weight: 158.03
Chemical Formula: KMnO4
Supplier: ChemicalStore.com (MiniScience, Inc.)
              1059 Main Avenue, Clifton, NJ 07011
Tel: (973)405-6248                                Emergency Telephone: (800)435-6856

2. Composition/Information on Ingredients

 
  Ingredient                                              CAS No         Percent        Hazardous                                  
  ---------------------------------------   ------------   ------------   ---------   
  Potassium Permanganate                         7722-64-7        90 - 100%       Yes                                                                    

3. Hazards Identification

 
Emergency Overview
-----------------------
DANGER! STRONG OXIDIZER. CONTACT WITH OTHER MATERIAL MAY CAUSE FIRE. CORROSIVE. CAUSES BURNS TO ANY AREA OF CONTACT. HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED.


Hazard Ratings (Provided here for your convenience)
Health Rating: 3 - Severe (Life)
Flammability Rating: 0 - None
Reactivity Rating: 3 - Severe (Oxidizer)
Contact Rating: 3 - Severe (Corrosive)

Potential Health Effects
----------------------------------
Eye contact:
Potassium Permanganate is damaging to eye tissue on contact. It may cause severe burns that result in damage to the eye.
Skin contact:
Contact of solutions at room temperature may be irritating to the skin, leaving brown stains.
Concentrated solutions at elevated temperature and crystals are damaging to the skin.
Inhalation:
Acute inhalation toxicity data are not available. However, airborne concentrations of potassium
permanganate in the form of dust or mist may cause damage to the respiratory tract.
Ingestion:
Potassium permanganate, if swallowed, may cause severe burns to mucous membranes of the
mouth, throat, esophagus, and stomach.
Chronic Exposure:

Prolonged skin contact may cause irritation and dermatitis. Chronic manganese poisoning can result from excessive inhalation exposure to manganese dust and involves impairment of the central nervous system. Early symptoms include sluggishness, sleepiness, and weakness in the legs. Advanced cases have shown symptoms of fixed facial expression, emotional disturbances, spastic gait, and falling.
Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions:
No information found.
Hazard Symbols:

RISK PHRASES:
8 Contact with combustibles may case fire.
22 Harmful if swallowed.
50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment.
SAFETY PHRASES:
60 This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
61 Avoid releases to the environment. Refer to special instructions / Safety data sheet.

4. First Aid Measures

 
Inhalation:
Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention immediately.
Ingestion:
If swallowed, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Give large quantities of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention immediately.
Skin Contact:
Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention immediately. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.
Eye Contact:
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention immediately.
 

5. Fire Fighting Measures

 
Fire:
Not combustible, but substance is a strong oxidizer and its heat of reaction with reducing agents or combustibles may cause ignition. Contact with flammable substances may cause extremely violent combustion.
Explosion:
Strong oxidants may explode when shocked, or if exposed to heat, flame, or friction. Also may act as initiation source for dust or vapor explosions. Contact with flammable substances may cause extremely violent combustion. Sealed containers may rupture when heated. Sensitive to mechanical impact.
Fire Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to blanket fire, cool fire exposed containers, and to flush non-ignited spills or vapors away from fire. Suffocating type extinguishers are not as effective as water. Do not allow water runoff to enter sewers or waterways.
Special Information:
In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full face-piece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode.

6. Accidental Release Measures

 
Remove all sources of ignition. Ventilate area of leak or spill. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment as specified in Section 8. Spills: Clean up spills in a manner that does not disperse dust into the air. Use non-sparking tools and equipment. Reduce airborne dust and prevent scattering by moistening with water. Pick up spill for recovery or disposal and place in a closed container. US Regulations (CERCLA) require reporting spills and releases to soil, water and air in excess of reportable quantities. The toll free number for the US Coast Guard National Response Center is (800) 424-8802.

7. Handling and Storage

 
Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area. Protect against physical damage and moisture. Isolate from any source of heat or ignition. Avoid storage on wood floors. Separate from incompatibles, combustibles, organic or other readily flammable materials. Containers of this material may be hazardous when empty since they retain product residues (dust, solids); observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product.

8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

 
Airborne Exposure Limits:
OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL): 5 mg/m3 Ceiling for manganese compounds as Mn.
ACGIH Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 0.2 mg/m3 (TWA) for manganese, elemental and inorganic compounds as Mn.
Ventilation System:
A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures below the Airborne Exposure Limits. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area. Please refer to the ACGIH document, Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Recommended Practices, most recent edition, for details.
Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved):
If the exposure limit is exceeded and engineering controls are not feasible, a half facepiece particulate respirator (NIOSH type N95 or better filters) may be worn for up to ten times the exposure limit or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest.. A full-face piece particulate respirator (NIOSH type N100 filters) may be worn up to 50 times the exposure limit, or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency, or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. If oil particles (e.g. lubricants, cutting fluids, glycerine, etc.) are present, use a NIOSH type R or P filter. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-facepiece positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator. WARNING: Air-purifying respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres.
Skin Protection:
Wear impervious protective clothing, including boots, gloves, lab coat, apron or coveralls, as appropriate, to prevent skin contact.
Eye Protection:
Use chemical safety goggles and/or full face shield where dusting or splashing of solutions is possible. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick-drench facilities in work area.

9. Physical and Chemical Properties

 
Appearance: Purple-bronze crystals.
Odor: Odorless.
Solubility: 7 g in 100 g of water.
Density: 2.7
pH: No information found.
% Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F): 0
Boiling Point: Not applicable.
Melting Point: ca. 240C (ca. 464F)
Vapor Density (Air=1): 5.40
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): No information found.
Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): No information found.

10. Stability and Reactivity

 
Stability:
Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Toxic metal fumes may form when heated to decomposition.
Hazardous Polymerization:
Will not occur.
Incompatibilities:
Powdered metals, alcohol, arsenites, bromides, iodides, phosphorous, sulfuric acid, organic compounds, sulfur, activated carbon, hydrides, strong hydrogen peroxide, ferrous or mercurous salts, hypophosphites, hyposulfites, sulfites, peroxides, and oxalates.
Conditions to Avoid:
Heat, flames, ignition sources and incompatibles.

11. Toxicological Information

 
Investigated as a mutagen, reproductive effecter. Oral rat LD50: 750 mg/kg.

Cancer Lists

  NTP Carcinogen
Ingredient Known Anticipated IARC Category
Potassium Permanganate (7722-64-7) No No None

12. Ecological Information

 
Entry to the Environment
Potassium permanganate has a low estimated lifetime in the environment, being readily converted by oxidizable materials to insoluble MANGANESE DIOXIDE (MnO2). Bioconcentration Potential
In non-reducing and non-acidic environments MnO2 is insoluble and has a very low bioaccumulative potential.
Aquatic Toxicity
Rainbow trout, 96 hour LC50: 1.80 mg/L
Bluegill sunfish, 96 hour LC50: 2.3 mg/L
13. Disposal Considerations
Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be handled as hazardous waste and sent to a RCRA approved waste facility. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state and local requirements. Packaging materials must be triple rinsed to remove all potassium permanganate prior to re-cycling or disposal.

14. Transport Information (D.O.T., 49 CFR 172.101 )

 
Proper Shipping Name: POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE
Hazard Class: Oxidizer
Division: 5.1
UN/NA: UN1490
Packing Group: II
Information reported for product/size: 12KG
Marine Pollutant: No

15. Regulatory Information

 
CHEMICAL NAME CAS NO. EINECS UN NUMBER
Potassium Permanganate 7722-64-7 231-760-3 UN 1490
CODE LETTER AND HAZARD DESIGNATION OF THE PRODUCT:
Oxidizer Harmful Dangerous to the Environment
RISK PHRASES:
8 Contact with combustibles may case fire.
22 Harmful if swallowed.
50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment.
SAFETY PHRASES:
60 This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
61 Avoid releases to the environment. Refer to special instructions / Safety data sheet.
US FEDERAL REGULATIONS:
CHEMICAL INVENTORY STATUS  PART 1
Ingredient CAS. NO. TSCA EC Japan Australia
Potassium Permanganate 7722-64-7 Yes Yes    
 CHEMICAL INVENTORY STATUS  PART 2 --- CANADA---
Ingredient CAS. NO. Korea DSL NDSL PHIL
Potassium Permanganate 7722-64-7 No Yes    
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulation
(CPR, Canada) and the MSDS contains all of the information required by the CPR.
FEDERAL, STATE & INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS  PART 1
  SARA 302 SARA 313
Ingredient CAS. NO. RQ TPQ List Chemical Catg.
Potassium Permanganate 7722-64-7 N/A N/A Yes Yes
(Manganese compounds)
FEDERAL, STATE & INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS  PART 2
Ingredient CAS. NO. CERCLA RCRA TSCA 8(d)
Potassium Permanganate 7722-64-7 Yes (RQ =100 lbs) D001 No

Ingredient CAS. NO. CWC TSCA 12(b) CDTA SARA
Potassium Permanganate 7722-64-7 No No   311/312
4545 Kg

Ingredient CAS. NO. Acute Chronic Fire Pressure Reactivity Pure/Liquid
Potassium Permanganate 7722-64-7 Yes Yes Yes No No Pure

Ingredient CAS. NO. Australian Hazchem Code Poison Schedule WHMIS
Potassium Permanganate 7722-64-7 2Y S6 C, D2B
This MSDS has been prepared according to the hazard criteria of the controlled Products Regulations (CPR) and the MSDS contains all of the information required by the CPR.

16. Other Information

 
NFPA Ratings: Health: 1 Flammability: 0 Reactivity: 0 Other: Oxidizer
Label Hazard Warning:
DANGER! STRONG OXIDIZER. CONTACT WITH OTHER MATERIAL MAY CAUSE FIRE. CORROSIVE. CAUSES BURNS TO ANY AREA OF CONTACT. HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED.
Label Precautions:
Keep from contact with clothing and other combustible materials.
Store in a tightly closed container.
Do not store near combustible materials.
Remove and wash contaminated clothing promptly.
Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
Do not breathe dust.
Keep container closed.
Use only with adequate ventilation.
Wash thoroughly after handling.
Label First Aid:
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes or skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. If swallowed, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Give large quantities of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. In all cases get medical attention immediately.

NIOSH: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
MSHA: Mine Safety and Health Administration
OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration
NTP: National Toxicology Program
IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer
PEL: Permissible Exposure Limit
C: Ceiling Exposure Limit
TLV-TWA: Threshold Limit Value-Time Weighted Average
CAS: Chemical Abstract Service
EINECS: Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (European)

Disclaimer: 
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall MiniScience be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if MiniScience has been advised of the possibility of such damages.



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